This article was originally written to answer the following problem:

I simply can't save a file — in any form or under any code page assignment with WordStar — that can later be viewed properly with DOS (as is done with the TYPE or MORE commands to view a batch file that uses extended characters above 127) — UNLESS I convert it first with Star Exchange. This fact leaves me wondering what "non-document" really means with WordStar — and why it's necessary to resort to various lesser known utilities to prepare its files for viewing under DOS.

The Emperor's New Clothes
...or, How difficult is it to learn the WordStar Keyboard Commands?


Below follows a slightly edited message posted by Dan Strychalski to the WordStar maillist. It answers the question "How difficult is it to learn the WordStar keyboard commands?" — It's child's play, but I'll let Dan do the explaining...


There are two different things called tabs in files. One is the ASCII Horizontal Tab character, ^I (09 Hex). This may be found in ASCII (Non-Document) files and is allowed in WordStar document files, mainly for compatibility with older versions of WordStar and for importing material containing ASCII tabs. The other is a Tab symseq (symmetrical sequence), a 12 byte sequence found only in WordStar document files. There are six kinds of symseq tabs: hard tabs, soft tabs, decimal tabs, center line tabs, right align tabs, and dot leader tabs. All symseq tabs contain information about their positioning on the page in HMI (Horizontal Motion Index) units — an HMI is 1/1800 inch. Such information is not contained in an ASCII tab: since it's just a single character it doesn't contain anything.


Write&Set is a full-featured wordprocessing program with hyphenation, contents creation, footnotes, index, embedding of graphics and a lot more.

WordStar Included Book


WordStar Included ISBN 0-553-37174-6 (soft covers) by Tom Rugg & Werner Feibel and published by Bantam Books in 1993 .

The book provides a tutorial on installation, use of, and macros within WordStar 7. In addition it contains a single 3.5" floppy containing the core WordStar 7.0C program (the full 7.0D version takes 10 low density 3.5" floppy disks).


WordStar for DOS Command Reference